PROMOSI KESEHATAN PADA PENYAKIT HIPERTENSI DI PUSKESMAS PANGOLOMBIAN KECAMATAN TOMOHON SELATAN

Jessy A.Caroles* R.G.A. Massie** G. D. Kandou**

*Puskesmas Pangolombian Kec. Tomohon Selatan Kota Tomohon

**Fakultas Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Universitas Sam Ratulangi Manado

 


ABSTRAK

Penyakit hipertensi merupakan salah satu penyakit tidak menular (PTM) yang mengganggu kesehatan masyarakat dan menjadi masalah kesehatan yang sangat serius. Prevalensi penyakit hipertensi ini tahun demi tahun terus mengalami peningkatan. Puskesmas sebagai salah satu unit kerja dari pengorganisasian dalam pelaksanaan pencegahan dan penanggulangan faktor risiko penyakit hipertensi berperan untuk melakukan upaya promotif, preventif, kuratif dan rehabilitatif. Kegiatan promotif dan preventif masih terabaikan sehingga angka prevalensi penyakit hipertensi masih cukup tinggi. Oleh karena itu promosi kesehatan yang merupakan salah satu peran puskesmas sangat berperan penting dalam pencegahan penyakit hipertensi di masyarakat. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mendapatkan informasi dan gambaran upaya promosi kesehatan pada  penyakit hipertensi di Puskesmas Pangolombian.

Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif. Data primer penelitian ini diperoleh dari wawancara mendalam pada 10 informan. Data sekunder dari telaah dokumen. Informan peelitian ini yaitu Pemegang Program Promkes Dinkesos Kota Tomohon, Pemegang Program PTM Dinkesos Kota Tomohon, Pemegang Program Promkes Puskesmas Pangolombian, Pemegang Program PTM Puskesmas Pangolombian, Pemegang Program Perkesmas Puskesmas Pangolombian, Dokter Puskesmas Pangolombian, Kepala Puskesmas Pangolombian, Anggota Masyarakat, dan Tokoh Masyarakat di wilayah kerja Puskesmas Pangolombian. Data diolah secara manual dengan membuat transkrip kemudian disusun dalam bentuk matriks dan dilakukan teknik pemeriksaan dengan triangulasi sumber dan metode. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan di Puskesmas Pangolombian.

Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pelaksanaan promosi kesehatan dengan upaya pemberdayaan, bina suasana, advokasi dan kemitraan pada penyakit hipertensi di Puskesmas Pangolombian belum berjalan dengan baik.

Penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa promosi kesehatan pada penyakit hipertensi melalui upaya pemberdayaan individu sudah cukup baik, pemberdayaan keluarga,  pemberdayaan masyarakat, bina suasana dan kemitraan sudah terlaksana tetapi belum maksimal, sedangkan upaya advokasi belum terlaksana.

Kata kunci:  Promosi Kesehatan, Hipertensi

 

ABSTRACT

Hypertension is one of the non-communicable diseases (NCDs), which influences the health of the community and be a very serious health problem. The prevalence of hypertension continuesly increases year after year. Public Health Center as one unit of the organization in the implementation of prevention and control of hypertension disease risk factors play a role to perform promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative. Promotive and preventive activities are still neglected so that the prevalence of hypertension is still quite high. Therefore, health promotion is one of the role health centers play an important role in the prevention of hypertension in the community. The purpose of this research is to obtain information and an overview of health promotion efforts on hypertension in the Pangolombian Public Health Center.

This study uses a qualitative method. The primary data obtained from in-depth interviews using 10 informants. Secondary data were taken from the study documents. This informant consists of a head programs such as Health promotion worker of Tomohon Health and Social Department, The non-communicable diseases worker of Tomohon Health and Social Department, Health promotion worker of Pangolombian Public Health Center, The non-communicable diseases worker of Pangolombian Public Health Center, Community Health Care worker of Pangolombian Public Health Center,  Doctor of Pangolombian Public Health Center, Head of Pangolombian Public Health Center, Community Members, and Community Leaders. Data were processed manually by making a transcript and then arranged in a matrix form and performed the examination with triangulation techniques and methods. This research was conducted at the  Pangolombian Public Health Center.

The results showed that the implementation of health promotion with empowerment, building atmosphere, advocacy and partnerships in hypertension in the Pangolombian Public Health Center  not run well.

It was concluded that health promotion on hypertension through the empowerment of individuals is quite good, as family empowerment, community empowerment, community development and partnerships atmosphere has been implemented but still not maximum, while advocacy efforts have not been implemented. It is recommended that Dinkesos Tomohon should coordinate the health center for the implementation of the IEC program Pangolombian hypertension in individuals, families, and communities to coordinate and facilitate the establishment of Posbindu, providing leaflets, pamphlets, brochures, posters specifically hypertension, NCDs program monitoring and evaluation, training cadres of community empowerment , and socialization with potential community groups, advocacy to the stakeholder  and regional governments, mobilize partnerships with community organizations and the private sector by creating MoU. Pangolombian Public Health Center could empower individuals, families optimally, forming Posbindu, media placement poster on the right spot, forming BPP whose function is to advocate for policy holders, and partnerships

 

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